In two vessels the colonists sailed, and they reached New Sweden, as they called the new land, early in the year They built a fort on the site of Wilmington and named it Christina after the child queen of their native land. They purchased lands of the Indians on the western side of the Delaware as far up as a point opposite Trentonfounded a town on the site of Philadelphia, built churches here and there, and soon presented the appearance of a happy and prosperous community.
At that time the area was considered to be part of the Virginia colony. However, the Dutch thought they also had a claim, based on the explorations of Henry Hudsonand under the auspices of the Dutch West India Company were the first Europeans to actually occupy the land.
In any case, Minuit had a falling out with the directors of the Dutch West India Company, was recalled from New Netherland, and quickly made his services available to his many friends in Swedenthen a major power in European politics.
They established a Swedish South Companyaimed at Account of the delaware colony the territory of New Swedenand, following much negotiation, he led a group under the flag of Sweden to the Delaware River in They established a trading post at Fort Christinanow in Wilmington.
Minuit claimed possession of the western side of the Delaware River, saying he had found no European settlement there.
Unlike the Dutch West India Company, the Swedes intended to actually bring settlers to their outpost and begin a colony. Minuit drowned in a hurricane on the way home that same year, but the Swedish colony continued to grow gradually. While the Dutch settlement at Zwaanendael "swan valley"or present-day Leweswas soon destroyed in a war with Native Americansthe Dutch never gave up their claim to the area, and inunder the leadership of Peter Stuyvesantbuilt Fort Casimir, now New Castle.
For the Swedes, this was a catastrophic miscalculation, as the next summer,an enraged Stuyvesant led another Dutch expedition to the Delaware River, attacked all the Swedish communities and forcibly ended the New Sweden colony, incorporating the whole area back into the New Netherland colony.
Delaware Colony It was not long, though, before the Dutch too were forcibly removed by the Englishwho asserted their earlier claim. InJamesthe Duke of York and brother of King Charles IIoutfitted an expedition that easily ousted the Dutch from both the Delaware and Hudson rivers, leaving the Duke of York the proprietary authority in the entire area.
But Cecil Calvert, 2nd Baron BaltimoreProprietor of Marylandclaimed a competing grant to lands on the western shore of Delaware Bayincluding all of the present state of Delaware. James, the Duke of York, believed he had won the area in war and was justified in ownership.
Nevertheless, Penn wanted an outlet to the sea from his new province. He persuaded James to lease him the western shore of Delaware Bay. So, inPenn arrived in New Castle with two documents: Penn had inherited James' claims and thus began nearly years of litigation between Penn and Baltimore, and their heirs, in the High Court of Chancery in London.
The settlement of the legal battles was started by the heirs' agreeing to the survey performed by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon between and Their work resulted in the famous Mason—Dixon line. The final adjudication of the settlement was not completed until the eve of the American Revolution.
The settlement was a major reason for the close political alliance between the property owners of the Lower Counties and the Royalist Proprietary government. In William Penn's Frame of Government ofhe established a combined assembly for his domain by providing for equal membership from each county and requiring legislation to have the assent of both the Lower Counties and the Upper Counties of ChesterPhiladelphia and Bucks.
The assembly meeting place alternated between Philadelphia and New Castle. Once Philadelphia began to grow, its leaders resented having to go to New Castle and gain agreement of the assemblymen from the sparsely populated Lower Counties.
In members of the two regions mutually agreed to meet and pass laws separately from then on. The Lower Counties did continue to share a governor, but the Province of Pennsylvania never merged with the Lower Counties.
The border between Pennsylvania and Delaware is formed by an arc known as the Twelve-Mile Circle laid out in the seventeenth century to clearly delineate the area within the sphere of influence of New Castle. A small dispute lingered until over an area known as the Wedgewhere the Mason—Dixon line and the Twelve-Mile Circle left a fragment of land claimed by both Pennsylvania and Delaware.
After the Revolution began inthe three counties became "The Delaware State", and in that entity adopted its first constitution, declaring itself to be the "Delaware State". Its first governors went by the title of "President". The Battle of Cooch's Bridge was the only major military engagement of the Revolution that took place on Delaware soil.
The Americans harried the lead forces of the British Army. However, the roughly colonials were greatly outmanned and outgunned.The colony of Delaware was founded by Peter Minuit and the New Sweden Company.
It was part of the Middle Colonies, along with New Jersey, Pennsylvania and New York. Delaware was known as a. Delaware was at first an all white colony, however in years that came, delaware took on slaves, but in a small number.
Less than 2% of dleaware's population was that of slaves. Misscellaneous. Delaware was the first state to ratify the United States constitution. December 7, Sodium Hypochlorite Solution Deliveries Serving All Areas In Delaware (New Castle County, Kent County, and Sussex County), Maryland (parts of Worcester County/Cecil County), New Jersey.
The Delaware colony was founded in as New Sweden and was later part of New Netherland before being claimed by the British. D ecember was a desperate time for George Washington and the American Revolution. The ragtag Continental Army was encamped along the Pennsylvania shore of the Delaware River exhausted, demoralized and uncertain of its future.
Delaware Colony Facts: Early Settlements From the early Dutch settlement in to the colony’s rule by Pennsylvania in , the land that later became the U.S.
state of Delaware changed hands many times.