The Chinese writing system is non-alphabetic. It applies a specific character to write each meaningful syllable or each nonmeaningful syllabic that is part of a polysyllabic word. History It is not known when Chinese writing originated, but it apparently began to develop in the early 2nd millennium bc.
Overview History of the Thai language Thai is the national language of Thailand, spoken by around eighty percent of the sixty million residents of the South-East Asian country. Linguistically, the language is related to languages spoken in eastern Burma Myanmarnorthern Vietnam, Yunnan, and Laos.
The written Thai Language was introduced by the third Sukhothai period king, Ramkhamhaeng, in This writing system has undergone little change since its introduction, so inscriptions from the Sukothai era can be read by modern Thai scholars. The writing was based on Pali, Sanskrit, and Indian concepts, and many Mon and Khmer words entered the language.
Nowadays, English is also taught in all public schools. There are a few minor Thai dialects such as Phuan and Lue, spoken by small populations. For example, certain words are used only by Thai royalty, creating a royal language. There are also languages used for religious figures, polite everyday interactions, and gruff or crude communications.
Alphabet and tones The Thai language uses a phonemic alphabet of fourty-four consonant and fifteen basic vowel graphemes. The latter are assembled into about thirty-two vowel combinations. In Thai writing, characters are horizontally placed, left to right, with no intervening space, to form syllables, words, and sentences.
Vowel graphemes are written above, below, before, or after the consonant they modify, although the consonant always sounds first when the syllable is spoken.
The vowel graphemes and a few consonants can be combined in various ways to produce numerous compound vowels diphthongs and triphthongs. A syllable which ends in a vowel sound is called open, and a syllable which ends in a consonant is called closed. Each syllable is pronounced in one of five lexical tones: Unlike the Chinese language, the Thai alphabet is phonemicso pronunciation of a word is independent of its meaning English is also an alphabetic language.
Because of this, it is possible to pronounce a word without knowing its meaning. On the other hand, as mentioned above, like Chinese and around half of the world's languages not including EnglishThai is a tonal language.
The use of tones in Thai is lexicalmeaning that each word has a certain pitch characteristic with which it must be spoken to be properly understood.
The Thai language uses five tones: More details can be found here. Each syllable, consisting of one or more consonants and a simple or compound vowel possibly inherent or implied, and thus not written has a tone determined by several factors, including the type and presence of consonants consonants are divided into three classes for this purposethe vowel duration, and the presence of one of four tone marks.
Some people incorrectly assume that the tone marks identify all necessary tones, or perhaps force certain tones, but neither of these is correct. Actually the final tone of a syllable is determined by the tone mark in conjunction with factors mentioned above.
Grammar Because it lacks inflectional morphologythe grammar of the Thai language might be considered simpler than grammar in Western languages, and for many students, this makes up for the additional difficulty of the tones. Determiners such as a, an, or the are not used, so linguistic definiteness is expressed in other ways, but most often left underspecified.
Most Thai words are a simple single immutable syllable. Thai words are assembled into larger forms by compounding; particles and other markers —such as for aspect —are added to fine-tune the meaning. In this way, tense, politeness, verb-to-noun conversion, and other linguistic objectives are accomplished with the addition of modifying words to the basic subject-verb-object word order.
Of the world's languages, Thai has one of the richest systems of grammatical aspect ; the language allows for very detailed elaboration of how events transpire and progress.
Learning Thai Many westerners do not make time to learn written Thai, focusing instead only on speaking. One problem with this approach is that the various reference materials you will accumulate each use a different transcription scheme phonemic spelling with a western alphabetand it thus becomes difficult to recognize connections between your multiple sources of information.
Although only you can decide whether to make the extra effort to study Thai script, I think it can provide a valuable and rewarding foundation for continued learning of the Thai language.
Some beginning students are intimidated by the initricacies of register mentioned briefly above—that is, language variation according to situation or social context.
This is not a problem, however, since the usages are fairly elastic, and foreigners may be allowed more leeway, since the effort to speak Thai is widely appreciated. By Glenn Slayden Last modified:A writing system, also referred to as script or orthography, is a convention for representing the units of a spoken language by making marks on rocks, leaves, clay, bark, metal, or paper.
Ancient Chinese writing evolved from the practice of divination during the Shang Dynasty ( BCE). Some theories suggest that images and markings on pottery shards found at Ban Po Village are evidence of an early writing system but this claim has been challenged repeatedly.
Ban Po was. The Scripts. Japanese consists of two scripts (referred to as kana) called Hiragana and Katakana, which are two versions of the same set of sounds in the webkandii.comna and Katakana consist of a little less than 50 “letters”, which are actually simplified Chinese characters adopted to form a phonetic script.
The modern Japanese writing system uses a combination of logographic kanji, which are adopted Chinese characters, and syllabic webkandii.com itself consists of a pair of syllabaries: hiragana, used primarily for native or naturalised Japanese words and grammatical elements, and katakana, used primarily for foreign words and names, loanwords, onomatopoeia, scientific names, and sometimes for .
The Chinese Writing System The Chinese writing system was most likely conceived sometime towards the end of the 2nd millennium BC 1 according to webkandii.com A common form of written communication for the vast kingdom was standardized for the first time in the 3rd Century BC, during the reign of the first Chinese emperor, Shih huang-ti.
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