It may only be encroached upon in the interest of public need or in the general interest of the community and in accordance with the provisions of appropriate laws.
Socio-economic subjugation of dalits has inherent connections to their historic deprivation of rights to own land. This issue has come to the fore again as demands for land ownership by dalits of Gujarat has been causing social tensions lately. What is the historical perspective?
This was granted to them by the kings or other villagersin lieu of the hereditary services they offered to the state and the other communities. Interestingly, Ambedkar had opposed this conditional ownership module as he felt that it was condemning Dalits to perpetual subordination under others.
Recent Events - In Dudkha village of Patan district in Gujarat, Dalits had been maintaining a tract of community land for generations.
But the Gujarat government had refused to grant them full ownership rights despite the well established national policy recognizing Deprivation of land ownership claimants.
How much progress has been made in land reforms? Under the British Raj, land reforms were carried out to enhance state revenue collections and different models were adoped at different provinces.
Notably, economic progress also culturally transformed the community, and they resorted to Brahminical rituals and vegetarianism over time.
Post-Independence - Land reforms were the sole state programme to ensure economic equality, as land ownership remained only with the few. Limits for ownership were introduced and the exess were to be distributed to the landless pesants among who dalits and tribals were to be given primacy.
Various legislations ensured primacy for the tillers, and communists in Kerala and West Bengal ensured that these initiatives were pushed vigourously.
But despite successes in some states, most states remained regressive due to their apathy to the cause and the resistance of the politically powerful groups. Gujarati society is still highly feudal and in many cases, despite dailts being the official owers of land, the upper casts continue to control and operate them.
Notably, Golana massacre ofwas because Dalits who had the legal possession of the land tried to take actual possession. While many lawsuits have been filed to remedy this, justice looks elusive even 4 decades after land reforms were unleashed. Currently, the tension over land is fast snowballing into a dalit versus others issue in Gujarat, and even dalit burial grounds have come under attack.
Till a few years ago, land was an instrument of social and economic status and people preferred to marry into homes that owned agricultural land. There were legal safeguards for buying and selling of agricultural land through governmental checks in order to ensure that land remained with the tiller.
There were also mechanism for preventing big farmers nudging out small and marginal ones by buying out their processions.
But the BJP government eased many of these provisions and also relaxed norms for denotifying agricultural land to enable its diversion for other uses. These changes had in effect seen massive land parcels being diverted for establishing industries often coercively.In fact, the resultant deprivation from land caused by these policies is what had triggered the Patidar agitations of What is the way forward?
Marginal agricultural land ownership among Dalits is a key systemic reason for .
deprivation of property, the Court only had to decide if there was an expropriation of the applicant's mineral rights. Mogoeng CJ, writing for the majority, rejected this. Ownership is the state or fact of exclusive rights and control over property, which may be an object, land/real estate or intellectual property.
Ownership involves multiple rights, collectively referred to as title, which may be separated and held by different parties. Nevertheless ownership of land is a natural phenomenon in our societies, however in the scheme of human history this is a new development., in the long sweep of human existence, it .
Mar 01, · Why is land ownership an issue? Deprivation of property without compensation “constitutes a very serious breach of an individual’s rights," it said. 6. Why is the ANC doing this now? Deprivation of property and income rules Deprivation of property and income is when a person or their spouse (partner) directly or indirectly disposes of assets and income.
Some people who intend to enter residential care may re-arrange their financial affairs to meet their changed lifestyle.