The origin and history of the aztec empire

The Mexica supplied the Tepaneca with warriors for their successful conquest campaigns in the region and received part of the tribute from the conquered city states.

The origin and history of the aztec empire

The Aztecs are also known as Mexica or Tenochca. It is possible that their migration southward was part of a general movement of peoples that followed, or perhaps helped trigger, the collapse of the Toltec civilization.

The basis of Aztec success in creating a great state and ultimately an empire was their remarkable system of agriculturewhich featured intensive cultivation of all available land, as well as elaborate systems of irrigation and reclamation of swampland.

The high productivity gained by those methods made for a rich and populous state. The Aztec state was a despotism in which the military arm played a dominant role.

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Valour in war was, in fact, the surest path to advancement in Aztec society, which was caste- and class-divided but nonetheless vertically fluid. The priestly and bureaucratic classes were involved in the administration of the empire, while at the bottom of society were classes of serfs, indentured servants, and outright slaves.

TlatelolcoAztec ruins of the former city-state of Tlatelolco foreground and the Church of Santiago de Tlatelolco backgroundMexico City.

The origin and history of the aztec empire

At base, it shared many of the cosmological beliefs of earlier peoples, notably the Mayasuch as that the present earth was the last in a series of creations and that it occupied a position between systems of 13 heavens and 9 underworlds.

Closely entwined with Aztec religion was the calendar, on which the elaborate round of rituals and ceremonies that occupied the priests was based. The Aztec calendar was the one common to much of Mesoamerica, and it comprised a solar year of days and a sacred year of days; the two yearly cycles running in parallel produced a larger cycle of 52 years.

The Aztec empire was still expanding, and its society still evolving, when its progress was halted in by the appearance of Spanish explorers.

The writings preserve a record of the Aztec culture and Nahuatl language. Ayer, Learn More in these related Britannica articles:The origins of the Aztec Empire are part legend, part archaeological and historical fact. When the Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés arrived in Basin of Mexico in , he found that the Aztec Triple Alliance, a strong political, economic and military pact, controlled the basin and indeed much of central America.

THE RISE OF THE AZTEC EMPIRE By John P. Schmal The Aztec Empire of was the most powerful Mesoamerican kingdom of all time.

History of the Aztecs - Wikipedia

The multi-ethnic, multi-lingual realm stretched for more than 80, square miles through many parts of what is now central and southern Mexico. Over time Tenochtitlan came to dominate the Alliance, its ruler became the supreme ruer - the huey tlatoque ('high king') - and the city established itself as the capital of the Aztec empire.

Masters of the world, their empire so wide and . Despite the Aztec Empire coming to an end, local resistance continued outside Tenochtitlan, which would take the Spanish about 60 grueling years to completely suppress. Hence, the fall of Tenochtitlan is often regarded as the end of the first phase of the Spanish conquest of Mexico.

Aztec Empire | Ancient Origins

Moctezuma II was the 9 th ruler of the Aztec Empire, whose unfortunate reign coincided with the arrival of the Spanish under the conquistador Hernan Cortez (Hernán Cortés). Moctezuma is remembered today mainly as the Aztec ruler who lost his empire to a European power, .

The Aztec empier was a powerful and diverse empire. The Aztecs ruled most of the land that is now Central Mexico. Their center of power was the Valley of Mexico.

The Fall of Tenochtitlan - Truly the End of the Aztec Empire? | Ancient Origins