Thoth god of writing and wisdom

However, the Greek form "Thoth" is more common. The addition of -ty denotes that he possessed the attributes of the ibis. Usually, he is depicted in his human form with the head of an ibis.

Thoth god of writing and wisdom

He serves as the vizier prime minister to Re, King of the gods. He's also the gods' official record-keeper. Science, the Answer Man, and divine Secretary-in-Chief.

Source The name "Thoth" seems to be a shorthand version of his name that the Greeks who conquered Egypt found easier to pronounce. Here is Thoth's name in Egyptian hieroglyphics. There's variant spellings, but they all feature this ibis-hieroglyph striding across a horizontal arm atop a flagpole.

He appears in three different forms. Sometimes he is an ibis-headed man above.

Egyptian God Thoth

Sometimes he's a baboon. Sometimes he's an ibis, a wading bird found along the banks of the Nile. Thoth in Baboon Form Thoth statues in the Louvre. Scribes and government officials often commissioned portraits of themselves writing with the Thoth-baboon watching over them in approval: What's With The Weird Animals?

We sometimes forget Egypt's part of Africa, but it is! A lot of old African cultures are very close to the natural world. For many of these cultures, animals are sacred, and people see no reason to assume that god keeps to a human-shaped form.

Thrice-Greatest Hermes, Vol. 1: III. Thoth the Master of Wisdom

So most Egyptian gods have a few animal shapes as well as human ones, and often have animal heads even when they're walking on two feet. There's two or three reasons for the baboon shape. First of all, like the Greek god Hermes with whom he became identifiedThoth is a trickster. Baboons are clever animals.

Also, strangely enough, many bands of baboons line up facing east before sunrise and howl the sun up.

The Egyptians worshiped the sun as Re, the King of the Gods and source of all life, so they thought the baboons were doing the same thing.

Finally, some scholars guess that the Egyptians saw a "baboon in the moon" instead of a man's face, and Thoth is a moon-god. What about the ibis? Well, in case you haven't met one, an ibis is a long-legged marsh bird that walks along slowly and deliberately scanning for small fish and other food.

It finds things hidden beneath the water's surface. Thoth, as god of wisdom, sees deeper than most. Also, in ancient Egypt, after the yearly Nile flood that piled up fertile mud on the riverbanks, the king's scribes would fan out across Egypt re-surveying the fields and assigning boundaries, measuring the land one stride at a time.

To the Egyptians, it looked like the ibis was out there surveying the riverbanks just like the scribes! Pretty smart for a bird. At certain periods, animals associated with gods were kept in temple sanctuaries as honored pets and mummified after death, so archaeologists have found thousands of baboon and ibis mummies!

Three reasons to love the Egyptian God Thoth He's a trickster. Who doesn't love a trickster god? He's the god of magic. He's makin' a list, checkin' it twice; he knows if you've been naughty or nice -- and if you land in the "naughty" column, your heart gets eaten by a crocodile-headed hippo.

thoth god of writing and wisdom

So stay on his good side. The Egyptians also loved Thoth as a trickster god. In one myth, Hathor, the hot-tempered goddess of love and destruction, stormed off across the desert in a snit.

She was called the Eye of Re -- the personification of the sun's heat -- so Re needed her back. Thoth, as the moon-god and so-called second Eye of Re, was assigned to fetch his missing counterpart.

Thoth had a problem. In this myth, he took the guise of a small baboon, sent to fetch a goddess who had assumed the form of a huge ravening lioness with the devouring heat of the desert sun.Thoth: Thoth, in Egyptian religion, a god of the moon, of reckoning, of learning, and of writing.

He was held to be the inventor of writing, the creator of languages, the scribe, interpreter, and adviser of the gods, and the representative of the sun god, Re. The original Bird Brain is far from stupid.

Thoth was ancient Egypt's god of wisdom, who invented writing and worked as Ra's secretary. He's also a creator god who helped the eight gods of Hermopolis to set up the whole universe with his mad hacker skills. Thoth is the Egyptian god of writing, magic, wisdom and the moon who is said to have been self-created or born of the seed of Horus from the forehead of Set.

These two deities represented order and chaos, also making Thoth the god of balance. Thoth, God of the Moon, Magic and Writing by Caroline Seawright August 6, He was Horus' supporter during the young god's deadly battle with his uncle Set, helping Horus with his wisdom and magic.

It was Thoth who brought Tefnut, who left Egypt for Nubia in a . As Thoth was associated with writing and with the moon it is perhaps unsurprising that he was also linked to the creation of the calendar. As his association with the moon waned, he developed into a god of wisdom, magic and the measurement of time.

Thoth is the Egyptian god of writing, magic, wisdom, and the moon. He was one of the most important gods of ancient Egypt alternately said to be self-created.

Thoth: Egyptian God of Writing and Wisdom | HubPages